Shiraz, the city of roses and lusignoli 111
Shiraz is the capital of the province of Fars in southwestern Iran and is located in the slopes of the Zagros mountains where it enjoys a sub-continental temperate climate with hot summers and mild winters. Karim Khan Zand, the founder of the Zand dynasty, chose us as his capital from 1750 to 1794, then the capital of Iran was moved to Tehran in the Qajar period.
Shiraz is the center of poets,
of world-famous philosophers, mystics and artists, among them important Shiraz-born poets such as Sa’di and Hafez, the mystic Ruzbehan and the philosopher Mulla Sadra.
Shiraz today is considered among the centers of medical tourism in Iran and belongs to 34 specialized and super-specialized hospitals and every year it hosts many Iranian or foreign patients especially from the countries of the region. Namazi hospital is famous for organ implants.
The province of Fars has more than 4500 years of history behind it and its main cities were located along the important roads of southern Iran such as Bishapur to Estakhr during the Sassanid period and Susa to Persepolis and Passargade in the Achaemenid period.
The architecture and art of the province of Fars and particularly of the city of Shiraz and its surroundings are divided into two parts: the pre-Islamic period and the Islamic period.
Near Shiraz there are archaeological attractions and mythical and spectacular places which date back to the pre-Islamic period, when there was the great empire of the world, namely the Achaemenids. In Passargade, the first capital of the Achaemenid empire founded by Cyrus, the Great, you can enjoy visiting the first Persian gardens and colonnaded palaces and also the solitary and glorious tomb of Cyrus and his wife. Persepolis, the spring and solemn capital of the Achaemenids with the grandiose rooms and the particular drawings and bas-reliefs reflects the art and talent of the Persians of that time. To visit other funerary masterpieces carved in the rock, we advise you to organize a tour to Naghsh-e Rostam where there are the tombs of Darius I, Xerxes I, Artaxerxes I and Darius II and the Ka’be (cube) of Zarathustra built in 520 B.C
In the Safavid period, numerous palaces and buildings embellished with the same architectural style used in Isfahan, the capital of the time, were built. After the Safavids, Shiraz began a sort of decline, but after in the Zand period the city immediately regained its prosperity and a royal quarter with a citadel were built (Arg Karim Khani, the house with mixed military and residential architecture surrounded with high walls connected by four round brick towers), the numerous administrative buildings, the Vakil complex in the city center (consisting of the covered Bazaar with the beautiful courtyards, the caravanserai and the old shops and the Vakil mosque with two arcades decorated with the typical tiles and the colonnaded prayer hall with spiral carved monolithic columns, from the Vackil bath,
Among the other attractions of this wonderful and spectacular city with the atmosphere of a “Thousand and One Nights” we remember the innovative Shapouri pavilion and its exuberant garden; the botanical garden of Eram (one of the 9 Persian gardens registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site); the memorial tombs of Hafez and Sa’di, two famous poets, engraved with excerpts from their poems and surrounded by gardens, paths and waterways; the Bagh-e Jahan Nama complex; the complex of patrician residences of Qavvam (the house with orange groves and the anthropological museum of the house of Zinat ol Molk); the elegant mosque Nasirol Molk (also known as the Pink mosque, the place of Islamic worship of the city, characterized by the beautiful external facades of the arcades, from the play of light of the large stained glass windows of the prayer room and from the internal columns decorated with polychrome tiles); the shrine of Shah Cheragh, the brother of Imam Reza, the eighth Imam of the Shiites, adorned with the work of mirrors and waves of lights, stucco inscriptions, an internal iron dome with a brick and glazed tile cladding; the garden of Afif Abad (Golshan) and the gate of the Koran in the north of the city.
The first capital of the Achaemenid world empire located 118 km from Shiraz and 82 km from Persepolis was built by Cyrus, the Great (550-529 BC) after his victory against the Medes, the armies of Lydia and the Babylonian empires.
Ciro, the founder of the Achaemenid dynasty ordered the creation of the imperial gardens in Passargade which then became the origins of the Persian gardens. The Passargade complex includes the colonnaded and royal palaces, the audience hall, the fortress of Tal Takht and the sepulcher of Cyrus and his wife and was included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 2004.
The solitary and glorious tomb of Cyrus, the Great, is Passargade’s best-known stone monument whose lower part resembles a ziggurat built from six high steps and the upper one is in the shape of a gabled house.
Persepolis, also known as Jamshid’s Throne, is the most impressive archaeological zone in Iran extending over a flat area close to Shiraz at a distance of 60 km. The incredible spring capital of the Achaemenids was founded by Darius I, the Great, in 518 BC and then developed by his disciples Xerxes, his son, and Artaxerxes І. On the occasion of celebrations such as the Noruz, the Iranian New Year, representatives of all the subject states of the Achaemenid empire came to present their gifts to the Achaemenid rulers. The monumental quality of the monumental ruins of the magnificent 100-column palaces, Apadana and Hadish with the cyclopean dimensions together with the grandiose access portico of all nations flanked by two colossal stone guardian bulls make it an interesting complex to visit. The figures of kings, warriors,
This grandiloquent site was set on fire in 330 BC by the army of Alexander the Great, and most of the documents relating to the Achaemenid Empire and Persian culture of that time were looted and destroyed.
It is worth organizing a tour to visit Persepolis in the morning and it takes about 3 hours to conceive the majestic art of the Persians over 2500 years ago and then go to the Passargade.